‘Mabi’ means ‘tree kangaroo’ in the language of the local Ngadjonji and Dulguburra Yidinji peoples, and Mabi Forest once covered much of the area north and west of Malanda, extending to Atherton, Kairi and Yungaburra. Of the estimated original 19,000 hectares only about 1,000 hectares remains in small isolated fragments.

 

Mabi Forest is identified as Regional Ecosystem 7.8.3 and is classified ‘Complex Notophyll Vine Forest 5b’.

It occurs only on fertile basalt (red) soils in areas where the rainfall is between 1300 and 1600 mm. It was originally classified in the 1960s by ecologists Len Webb and Geoff Tracey, based on its physical (structural) characteristics and species composition, using the Tolga Scrub as the basis for this description.

Because basalt soils are very free draining, and September to November can be dry, these forests can be drought stressed. Mabi forest characteristically has deciduous and semi-evergreen species that drop their leaves during dry times. (Examples are Brachychiton acerifolius and Melia azedarach.) This lets light through the canopy, allowing a shrub layer to thrive. The canopy of the forest is uneven, with plank buttressed canopy trees such as Argyrodendron perulatum reaching up to 45 m.  This structural complexity supports a great diversity of mammals and birds. 

Mabi Forest is listed as Critically Endangered under the EPBC Act (1999). Various local groups such as TREAT are actively involved with rehabilitating and restoring Mabi forest.

 

If you live next to or near Mabi forest, including Peterson Creek you can help by:

  • Removing weedy species, not dumping garden waste

  • Protecting remnants from stock

  • Extending through restoration planting 

  • Limiting tracks through the forest.

 

Other Mabi forest remnants that you can visit on the Tablelands include:

  • Curtain Fig

  • Wongabel

  • Halloran’s Hill

  • Tolga Scrub

MABI PLANT SPECIES

Scientific name

Acmenosperma claviflorum

Anthocarapa nitidula

Brachychiton acerifolius

Celtis paniculata

Cryptocarya hypospodi

Diploglottis diphyllostegia

Dysoxylum parasiticum

Elaeocarpus coorangooloo

Endiandra cowleyana

Euroschinus falcatus

Ficus fraseri

Flindersia brayleyana

Litsea leefeana

Melia azedarach

Terminalia sericocarpa

 

Aleurites rockinghamensis

Alloxylon flammeum

Alstonia scholaris

Argyrodendron peralatum

Argyrodendron sp. (Boonjie B.P.Hyland RFK2139)

Castanospermum australe

Elaeocarpus grandis

Ficus henneana

Ficus obliqua

Flindersia schottiana

Toona ciliata

Vitex queenslandica

Asplenium australasicum

Drynaria rigidula

Platycerium bifurcatum

Platycerium superbum

Adiantum hispidulum

Pellaea falcata var. nana

Dienia montana

Alocasia brisbanensis 

Alpinia caerulea

Alpinia modesta

Cyperus mirus

Cyrtococcum oxyphyllum

Dendrocnide cordifolia

Dendrocnide moroides

Oplismenus burmanni

Oplismenus hirtellus

Pollia crispata

Pollia macrophylla

Pseuderanthemum variabile

Urtica incisa

Austrosteenisia blackii

Cayratia saponaria

Cissus antarctica

Elaeagnus triflora

Maclura cochinchinensis

Melodinus australis

Piper hederaceum

Tylophora benthami

Acmena smithii

Agathis robusta

Ficus congesta

Melaleuca viminalis

Mischocarpus lachnocarpus

Syzygium australe

Breynia macrantha

Calamus caryotoides

Codiaeum variegatum var. moluccanum

Dichapetalum papuanum

Eumachia frutescens

Mackinlaya macrosciadea

Phaleria octandra

Acronychia acidula

Aglaia sapindina

Aphananthe philippinensis

Castanospora alphandii

Cryptocarya mackinnoniana

Cryptocarya murrayi

Endiandra insignis

Mallotus mollissimus

Mallotus philippensis

Myristica insipida

Neolitsea brassii

Neolitsea dealbata

Syzygium cormiflorum

Aglaia ferruginea

Breynia stipitata

Ficus septica

Fontainea picrosperma

Gossia hillii

Gossia myrsinocarpa

Neisosperma poweri

Phaleria clerodendron

Rhodamnia sessiliflora

Rhodomyrtus macrocarpa

Ternstroemia cherryi

Wikstroemia indica

Neoalsomitra clavigera

Phyllanthera grayi

Smilax calophylla

Trophis scandens

Common name  

Trumpet satinash

Incensewood

Flame kurrajong

Silky celtis

Northern laurel

Northern tamarind

Yellow mahogany

Coorangooloo quandong

Northern rose walnut

Pink poplar

Fraser's fig

Queensland maple

Brown bollywood

White cedar

Damson

 

Candlenut

Flame silky oak

Milky pine

Red tulip oak

Boonjie tulip oak

Black bean

Silver quandong

Superb fig

Small leaf fig

Floppy-leaf ash

Red cedar

Queensland vitex

Keeled bird's nest fern

Basket fern

Elkhorn fern

Staghorn fern

Rough maidenhair fern

Dwarf sickle fern

Broadleaf ground orchid

Cunjevoi

Blue ginger

Modest ginger

Mirus sedge

Pointed leaf rainforest grass

Cordate stinging bush

Gympie stinging bush

Burman's rainforest grass

Hairy leaf rainforest grass

Crispate pollia

Large leaf pollia

Floor flower

Tropical stinging nettle

Black's bloodvine

Silver hair cayratia

Native grape

Millaa Millaa vine

Cockspur vine

Brown sugar vine

New holland pepper

Bentham's tylophora

Smith's lillipilli

Smooth bark kauri pine

Red leaf fig

Weeping bottlebrush

Woolly-fruited mischocarp

Creek satinash

Atherton sauropus

Fish tail lawyer vine

Moluccan cordiaeum

Papuan dichapetalum

Atherton turkey bush

Green mackinlaya

Dwarf phaleria

Lemon aspen

Bujarra

Grey handlewood

Brown tamarind

Mackinnon's laurel

Murray's laurel

Hairy walnut

Woolly kamala

Red kamala

Australian nutmeg

Brass's bollywood

Velvet leaf bollywood

Bumpy satinash

Rusty bujarra

Glossy leaf breynia

Septic fig

Bitter seed fontainea

Hill's lignum

Atherton lignum

Red boat tree

Scented phaleria

Iron malletwood

Finger cherry

Cherry beech

Tye bush

New mitre vine

Gray's cryptolepis

Shiny barwire vine

Burney vine

Place in forest

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

Canopy

 

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Emergent

Epiphyte

Epiphyte

Epiphyte

Epiphyte

Ground fern

Ground fern

Ground orchid

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Herb

Liana

Liana

Liana

Liana

Liana

Liana

Liana

Liana

Riparian

Riparian

Riparian

Riparian

Riparian

Riparian

Scrambler

Scrambler

Scrambler

Scrambler

Scrambler

Scrambler

Scrambler

Subcanopy

Subcanopy

Subcanopy

Subcanopy

Subcanopy

Subcanopy

Subcanopy

Subcanopy*

Subcanopy*

Subcanopy

Subcanopy*

Subcanopy*

Subcanopy

Understorey

Understorey*

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey

Understorey*

Vine

Vine

Vine

Vine

* pioneer species

MABI BIRD LIST

1 Wet Tropics endemic species

2 Now extinct from Mabi Forest

Southern Cassowary  2

Australian Brush-turkey 

Orange-footed Scrubfowl 

Pacific Baza 

Square-tailed Kite 

Black Kite 

Whistling Kite 

Brown Goshawk 

Grey Goshawk 

Collared Sparrowhawk 

Wedge-tailed Eagle 

Australian Hobby 

Peregrine Falcon 

Nankeen Kestrel 

Red-necked Crake 

Bush-hen 

White-headed Pigeon 

Brown Cuckoo-Dove 

Emerald Dove 

Wompoo Fruit-Dove 

Superb Fruit-Dove 

Rose-crowned Fruit-Dove 

 

Topknot Pigeon 

Red-tailed Black-Cockatoo 

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo 

Rainbow Lorikeet 

Scaly-breasted Lorikeet 

Double-eyed Fig-Parrot 

Australian King-Parrot 

Crimson Rosella 

Oriental Cuckoo 

Brush Cuckoo 

Fan-tailed Cuckoo 

Noisy Friarbird 

Blue-faced Honeyeater 

Macleay's Honeyeater  1

Lewin's Honeyeater 

Bridled Honeyeater  1

Brown Honeyeater 

White-cheeked Honeyeater 

Eastern Spinebill 

Dusky Honeyeater 

Scarlet Honeyeater 

Pale-yellow Robin 

Grey-headed Robin  1

Chowchilla  1

Eastern Whipbird 

Golden Whistler 

Rufous Whistler 

Little Shrike-thrush 

Bower's Shrike-thrush  1

Yellow-breasted Boatbill 

Black-faced Monarch 

Spectacled Monarch 

White-eared Monarch 

Pied Monarch  1

Leaden Flycatcher 

Satin Flycatcher 

Shining Bronze-Cuckoo 

Little Bronze-Cuckoo 

Common Koel 

Channel-billed Cuckoo 

Rufous Owl 

Barking Owl 

Southern Boobook 

Lesser Sooty Owl  1

Masked Owl 

Barn Owl 

Tawny Frog mouth 

Papuan Frogmouth 

Large-tailed Nightjar 

Australian Owlet-nightjar 

White-rumped Swiftlet 

White-throated Needletail 

Fork-tailed Swift 

Azure Kingfisher 

Little Kingfisher 

Buff-breasted Paradise-Kingfisher 

Laughing Kookaburra 

Rainbow Bee-eater 

Dollarbird 

White-throated Treecreeper 

Spotted Pardalote 

Yellow-throated Scrubwren 

White-browed Scrubwren 

Atherton Scrubwren  1

Large-billed Scrubwren 

Brown Gerygone 

Fairy Gerygone 

Mountain Thornbill  1

Helmeted Friarbird 

Rufous Fantail 

Grey Fantail 

Spangled Drongo 

Barred Cuckoo-shrike 

Cicadabird 

Varied Triller 

Olive-backed Oriole 

Figbird 

Black Butcherbird 

Pied Butcherbird 

Pied Currawong 

Victoria's Riflebird  1

Torresian Crow 

Spotted Catbird 

Tooth-billed Bowerbird  1

Golden Bowerbird  1

Satin Bowerbird 

Red-browed Finch 

Yellow-bellied Sunbird 

Mistletoebird 

Welcome Swallow 

Tree Martin 

Fairy Martin 

Silvereye 

Metallic Starling