TREAT Newsletter Cool Season April - June 2012
|Saturday 12th May||1.30pm||Field Day||Donaghy's Corridor|
|Saturday 30th June||10 am - 3 pm||Open Day||Lake Eacham Nursery|
|Saturday 28th July||1.30pm||Field Day||Ogle's and Nye/ McGuire's|
This comunity field day will be led by Nigel Tucker. Nigel was instrumental in creating the corridor 1995 - 1998. Since that time some of the creek crossings have deteriorated and a recent Community Action Grant to TREAT has funded repair work. A walk through the corridor will show its ecological benefits and role in sustainable farming. Check out TREAT'S website and the April-June 2009 newsletter for information about the corridor, to better appreciate the field day. All are welcome to attend.
The meeting point is at the cattle yards on the Donaghy's property. Follow the TREAT signs from the Gillies Highway, along Wrights Creek Road, then Gadgarra Road and Toohey Road. We will car-pool to drive to the corridor from the yards. TREAT will provide refreshments afterwards.
This will be a celebration of TREAT's 30th year. It will be held at the Lake Eacham nursery and feature lots of information about TREAT, past and present. TREAT volunteers will be available to help with tree and weed identification, tree planting, project ideas and how to start with them, and general queries. If you have plants for identification, you must bring them in a plastic bag to prevent any disease escaping to nursery plants. Nursery trees will not be available for taking home. Tours of the nursery will be held at intervals. Refreshments will be available.
Bring along friends interested in trees and enjoy the day.
Field Day at Ogle's and Nye/ McGuire's
See Larry Crook's article below.
The field day will start at the Ogle's property. Then we'll drive the short distance to the Nye/ McGuire's property where, after a tour, TREAT will provide afternoon tea.
Inside this issue
This newsletter is kindly sponsored by Biotropica Australia Pty Ltd.
Field Day - 28th July
The field day will begin at the property of Chris and Claire Ogle where, in March 2011, over 3000 trees were planted along both sides of a creek running through the property. The site was fenced in order to exclude cattle. The project is the rehabilitation of degraded and cleared areas to help stabilise the creek banks, reduce erosion and weeds and build a healthy waterway. It is also the first step in building a wildlife corridor connecting forest on the opposite side of Topaz Road to tracts of forest downstream on the Johnstone River. It was funded by a Community Action Grant (from the Australian Government's Caring for Our Country program) given to the Butchers Creek Hall Association. The field day will examine the planting successes and failures.
From Chris and Claire's we will go to the nearby property of Atherton (Athy) Nye and Dr Geraldine McGuire to view the evolution of Oak Grove.
Oak Grove is named after the abundance of local Oak species, and the 80 acre property is adjacent to the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. Native tree plantings and rainforest fruit orchards have been established on what was originally the site of a miner's homestead lease, which was completely cleared in the 1950s for dairy farming.
The property has been lovingly reforested by Athy and Geraldine over the past 20 years with thousands of trees. It now incorporates a mixed rainforest habitat, a cabinet timber plantation, native fruit orchards, and vegetable and herb gardens. What was previously a 'weed farm' now attracts a range of native animals including the rare Southern Cassowary, Striped Possums, Herbert River Ringtail Possums, King Parrots and Birdwing Butterflies, just to mention a few. Fruit from the native rainforest trees is supplied to a local manufacturing company, Rainforest Bounty, to create a range of gourmet prize-winning condiments.
Chris and Claire's property is at 1304 Glen Allyn Road, south-east of Malanda. Follow the TREAT signs. All are welcome. Phone Claire on 4096 8028 for more information. Oak Grove is on nearby Old Boonjie Road - Ph 4096 8321.
TREAT Milestones 1982 - 2012
TREAT started in February 1982 at a public meeting in Yungaburra when local people decided to form a group to grow and plant trees native to the area, particularly rainforest trees. TREAT, decided on soon afterwards, stands for Trees for the Evelyn and Atherton Tablelands. TREAT was incorporated in 1991 and the TREAT Environmental Benefit Fund was established in 2000. Our widely recognised logo was the winning entry in a competition in 1984.
Memberships started small but increased to about 600 in the late 1990s and now averages 450 households. The initial yearly fee was $5 which increased to $10 in 1997 and $15 in 2007.
PARTNERSHIP WITH QPWS
TREAT's success is entwined with its partnership with the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. The friendship between Geoff Tracey of TREAT and Peter Stanton of QPWS saw the construction of a small nursery at QPWS's Lake Eacham headquarters in 1983. This was expanded to the present nursery site in 1986 and another building was constructed in 2002 to house new offices and a TREAT Display Centre. In 2000, QPWS named its nursery operations the Centre for Tropical Restoration (CTR) and this name persists at the Display Centre. In 2005 the name became simply QPWS Restoration Services.
TREAT volunteers helped at the nursery from the beginning and Friday mornings was a favourite meeting time. Now over 30 volunteers meet every Friday morning between 7.00 am and midday, with morning tea at 9.30 am. Volunteers come and go as they please. The volunteer input into nursery work is the equivalent of two paid staff. The nursery produces approximately 30,000 trees for planting each year and grows about 250 different species. NIASA (Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme of Australia) standards have been maintained since 1995.
A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed in 2004, listing the responsibilities of TREAT and QPWS for each other. It was for 3 years. A second MoU (for 5 years) was signed in 2008 and changes were made concerning the ownership and distribution of the trees produced at the nursery. QPWS now owns the trees and TREAT receives free trees. Approximately half the trees are destined for the community and half for QPWS. An important addition was a clause in the MoU allowing TREAT members to receive up to 300 free trees per year for revegetation projects on their own properties.
Joan Wright recalls TREAT's first tree planting along Perfume Creek at Halloran's Hill, and the trees being planted amongst long grass. It was a first lesson about the importance of good site preparation and subsequent maintenance.
Initially grants for tree planting were small and the trees were weeded, fertilised and watered by various members, but after about 10 years, slightly larger grants from the government were available and in 1993 the project at Pelican Point on Lake Tinaroo was started. Then TREAT assisted QPWS in creating Donaghy's Corridor, starting in 1995, and when much larger grants became available from the Australian Government's Natural Heritage Trust (NHT), Peterson Creek Wildlife Corridor was started in 1997. The larger grants enabled TREAT to pay contractors to prepare sites for planting, to maintain them afterwards, and to erect fencing and construct off-creek watering points for cattle as necessary.
Other funded TREAT projects included some plantings on Mazlin Creek, the Upper Johnstone River at Malanda, Cherry Creek towards Tinaroo, and Anderson Road. All these projects (between 1998 and 2003) involved QPWS in site preparation and maintenance, and the Anderson Road project was in collaboration with TKMG (Tree Kangaroo and Mammal Group), another community group receiving funding.
In 2003, when the second round of NHT grants were available, TREAT initiated quarterly meetings of all nearby groups involved in revegetation. This became known in 2004 as SATRA (Southern Atherton Tablelands Revegetation Alliance) and it has proved to be a very useful network. TREAT helps other community groups as well as QPWS in tree planting projects.
TREAT managed this project after initial planning with various government agencies. A plan was drawn up to create a public area for nature conservation and environmental education and it involved planting areas of different forest types, but preserving grassland and vegetation at the lake edge. Planting was over 3 years, starting in 1994, and the monitoring programs carried out for birds, small mammals and vegetation were documented in a booklet in 2002.
This project, a corridor linking the National Park at Lake Barrine with Wooroonooran NP, was envisaged by Nigel Tucker (QPWS) and was a world first, showing that vegetation corridors worked and didn't take forever to grow and make a difference. John Donaghy provided most of the land along Toohey Creek and QPWS and TREAT planted the corridor from 1995 to 1998. In 1999 it was part of a presentation at an international conference in Puerto Rico about rainforest restoration. Extensive monitoring and analysis of mammals, birds and plants has shown that the area was colonised by rainforest-dwelling species, and that the connectivity restored between the National Parks allowed movement and interbreeding of small mammals in particular.
The Peterson Creek Wildlife Corridor started in 1991with QPWS and TREAT providing assistance to individual farmers along the creek, planting trees to help prevent erosion, to provide shade and shelter for stock, and as a windbreak for pasture. When larger grants (from NHT) became available in 1997, the idea of a wildlife corridor linking the National Park at Lake Eacham and the State Forest (now NP) at Curtain Fig seemed possible. The first significant planting was in 1998 and planting has continued each year since. The success of the project depends on funding and the cooperation of landowners. From 2003 TREAT concentrated funding efforts on establishing the corridor and it is now nearing completion. Further work needs to address the Peeramon Road crossing, widen some narrow sections, and extend plantings at both ends. In 2010 a keen TREAT member, Ian Freeman, purchased the property between the eastern end of the corridor and Lake Eacham, allowing that link to be made (under a main road) with the National Park.
TREAT successfully nominated the habitat linkages of Donaghy's Corridor, Peterson Creek Corridor, together with the Lakes Corridor as one of the top 25 Australasian projects, for a conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration International in 2009. The Lakes Corridor was a project of the North Johnstone and Lake Eacham Landcare Association. Together, the corridors linked the rainforest fragments of the Curtain Fig NP and the Crater Lakes NP (around Lake Eacham and Lake Barrine) to the much larger Wooroonooran NP. See TREAT's website and Newsletter April-June 2009.
Joan Wright recalls in her book (2006) about TREAT's early years that she visited all the primary schools on the Tablelands in the 1980s, armed with pamphlets, posters and branches of trees, and talked to the children. By 1999 this involvement with primary schools had received some funding assistance and developed into TREAT on TAP (Tree Awareness Programme). In 2000 a video 'TREATWISE' was made for use during the school visits. The TAP program included visits by the schools to the nursery at Lake Eacham and tree planting in the school grounds. The program was later made very flexible to meet schools' needs and was extended in 2006 to include water quality monitoring as a school day activity.
In 2001 a second video 'TREAT YOURSELF' was made with a funding grant from the Queensland Environmental Protection Agency, to give some technical details about good tree planting for land management.
A newsletter was distributed to members soon after TREAT began - initially duplicated on the Yungaburra school's photocopier and delivered by hand. From 1990 it was produced by Tableland Secretarial Services and when more funds (from NHT) were available, it was published in 2000 in a new (green) format by Tableland Printing Services and distributed more widely to the public. In 2007 Biotropica offered to sponsor the newsletter and the familiar green format has been retained.
Field days have always been a part of TREAT's activities. They are held in the dry season as the wet season is taken up with project plantings. Visits are generally to farms and other properties where successful tree planting has made a difference, to TREAT and QPWS project sites, or to revegetation research sites. In 2007 an Open Day was held at the nursery to celebrate TREAT's 25th year.
Since the mid-1990s a tree identification and propagation workshop has been held each November at the nursery by TREAT and QPWS. The identification part is conducted by TREAT with different types of branches for study and the propagation part is conducted by QPWS with different seeds and fruit. It's held on a Saturday morning and is a very popular workshop.
TREAT's website, www.TREAT.net.au, was created in 1999 and has been maintained since by Simon Burchill. It has numerous links, features revegetation projects and contains the latest and previous newsletter articles.
In 1993 the Wet Tropics Management Authority (WTMA) funded the purchase of a set of panels, a mobile display, which could be set up at libraries and at events elsewhere. It tells the story of Mabi forest (such as at Curtain Fig NP) and advertises TREAT's work. In 2002 TREAT received a grant from WTMA to organise an information centre at the new QPWS building with a theme of rainforest restoration - the Rainforest Display Centre. In consultation with a TREAT sub-committee it was created by local artists Stan and Kaisa Breeden and was opened in 2003 by the Regional Director of QPWS. TREAT volunteers staff the centre three mornings a week.
A DVD 'World Heritage Wet Tropics Restoring Communities' was made for SATRA last year (2011) to showcase community involvement in revegetation on the Tablelands and give some of its history. TREAT was able to contribute the major portion of funds for the project thanks to a recent bequest.
TREAT is a non-political and welcoming goup with a passion for growing and planting trees. In 30 years TREAT and its members have planted over a million trees, and this has made a significant difference to the landscape of the Tablelands and enthused many residents to continue to plant trees. Participants really enjoy the Friday morning working bees, the community tree planting mornings (usually followed by a TREAT barbeque) and the field days.
'The right tree in the right place for the right reason at the right time'
Carbon Markets Supporting Rainforest Restoration on the Tablelands
Andrew Wilson, Carbon House
The Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI) is a program recently introduced by the Federal Government. It is designed to provide the framework for Australian farmers and land managers to generate carbon credits from a range of activities. A carbon offset credit represents one tonne of greenhouse gas emissions that have either been avoided from being emitted or sequestered in soil or vegetation. Carbon credits can be sold to individuals or businesses who wish to voluntarily offset their emissions such as from a vehicle fleet or airline flights. As of July this year, certain carbon credits will also be able to be sold to those companies covered by the 'carbon tax'.
The CFI enables landholders to generate carbon credits from activities like the flaring of methane from piggeries, management of savannah fires and the reduction of emissions from fertiliser use or enteric fermentation. The CFI theoretically enables the creation of credits from soil carbon projects but the practical implementation of this is arguably a while away. Most importantly for the Tablelands, the CFI also enables landholders to generate carbon credits from planting trees. At the moment the only method that is recognised by the CFI is direct seeding or the use of tubestock. It is intended though that in the near future methods such as the natural stimulation of regrowth will also be allowed. The Tablelands and North Queensland are attractive from a carbon offset perspective due to the speed at which growth takes place. This means that carbon is sequestered faster and in greater quantities than at many other locations around the country.
The CFI sets up a number of rules about what an 'eligible' reforestation project needs to look like. Plantings must use a diverse mix of native species and take place on land that was already clear of native vegetation (the clearing of weeds to make way for native vegetation is okay). Planting sites also need to be at least 1ha or greater, continuous, although there are no rules about what kind of shape they must be. Plantings that are already required to be undertaken by law (such as 'environmental offsets') are not eligible. Any planting project from this point forward can apply to register as a CFI project and create carbon credits. Backdating rules in the scheme also mean that projects that were planted since 1 July 2007 are able to be registered.
Registering a CFI project is a multi-step process involving a series of forms and paperwork. After a project has been registered, it can then begin generating carbon credits. Credits are only generated after sequestration (or growth) has occurred. Credits will continue to be generated for between 15 and 30 years depending on what the landholder chooses. At any point between 1 and 5 years after a project has been registered, the landholder is able to apply to receive carbon credits from the government. The number of credits to be issued depends on how much the planting has grown over a set period of time. This is calculated using a CSIRO developed piece of software called the Reforestation Modelling Tool (RMT). The RMT uses spatial information and climate data to model how much carbon native forests at a particular location sequester over time. Carbon credits are then issued to the landholder's registry account which is similar to an online bank account (although at this point the credits aren't worth anything). These credits can then be sold to carbon offset buyers via electronic transfer.
Registering a planting project as a CFI project carries with it an obligation to maintain the carbon and protect the forest for at least 100 years. This 'permanence' obligation can seem daunting to some landholders but for many on the Tablelands this is unlikely to be an issue. A mechanism of the CFI called the 'risk of reversal buffer' acts as a kind of insurance policy in the event that plantings are destroyed by a natural disaster such as fire or a cyclone. In this event, there would be no obligation on the landholder except to allow natural regeneration to take place.
It is important to note that revenue from carbon credits doesn't represent a 'gold mine' and in most cases is unlikely to cover all of the high costs associated with revegetation on the Tablelands. It does however provide a steady stream of additional income for landholders that is able to be used to maintain existing plantings or to contribute towards future reforestation projects.
Carbon House is a private firm passionate about helping to facilitate on the ground outcomes using carbon market finance. This often means acting as a kind of 'carbon cupid'; matching up those companies and individuals who wish to purchase carbon credits with landholders who have or are planning to undertake eligible reforestation projects. Carbon House is currently working with a number of landholders on the Tablelands to create partnerships between planting projects and companies that wish to support reforestation efforts whilst also receiving a carbon benefit.
More information on the Carbon Farming Initiative can be found at www.climatechange.gov.au/cfi. For more information on the opportunities available to landholders, contact Andrew Wilson, Strategy and Projects Advisor at Carbon House. Email: email@example.com or phone (07) 3071 7482.
Trees We Love to Plant (Part 4)
It's near the end of the planting season and that reminds me of the importance of figs. The family Moraceae contains more than just the genus Ficus but generally it is only the figs that are included in revegetation plantings, so I will confine this article to figs.
Ficus is an incredibly important genus in rainforests throughout the world with around 1000 species in a pantropical distribution and 30 species in our Wet Tropics region. Looking even closer to home, we have at least 10 figs at Ringtail Crossing Nature Refuge (156 acres in the Upper Barron area).
For the purpose of revegetation it is convenient to divide them into two categories - strangler figs and non-strangler figs.
Examples of these are colossal trees such as the Curtain Fig and Cathedral Fig which are so huge and elaborate that they have become tourist attractions. Strangler Figs include:
- Ficus destruens - Boonjee Fig or Rusty Fig - With a very dark green upper surface and distinctly rusty underside to the pointed leaves and small orange figs.
- Ficus crassipes - Round Leaf Banana Fig - With shiny rounded but still pointed leaves and long brown figs.
- Ficus obliqua - Small-leaved Fig - With shiny bright green small pointed leaves and tiny round orange/yellow figs.
- Ficus pleurocarpa - Banana Fig - With large darkish green pointed leaves and long yellow ribbed figs.
- Ficus superba - Superb Fig - With smallish shiny green leaves and red/purple figs with cream spots.
- Ficus virens var.virens - Green Fig - With bright green leaves and small round pink/purple figs.
- Ficus watkinsiana - Watkins Fig - With shiny green pointed leaves and large brown rounded figs.
All these species grow on the Atherton Tablelands and reach heights of between 30 and 50 metres. They spread their root systems over the surface and in the top soil for a similar distance, so are not recommended for gardens. In nature, they generally start life in a fork of another tree where a bird has left the tiny seed behind, often many metres up from the ground. They extend their first roots down to anchor themselves to the ground and ensure a supply of food and water, then wrap more roots around their host tree until, over a number of years, they have completely swallowed up the host, shaded it out with their own leafy crown and taken its place in the forest. It's an ingenious battle for light and space when almost all competitors start life as a seedling on the forest floor. Luckily for revegetation practitioners, figs grow equally well germinating in propagating mix in a seed tray and being potted on into plastic tubes.
You may wonder why we would want to plant a tree which may swallow up its neighbours or whose offspring will strangle other perfectly good trees but it's a small price to pay as figs play such an important role for birds and animals in the forest. Their fruits are actually a fleshy receptical (a false fruit) holding tiny flowers inside. A minute wasp (a different species of wasp for each species of fig) crawls in through a small hole to pollinate the flowers to produce tiny fruit and seed inside. Once collected, we split and dry the fruit so that the seed scrapes out easily and can be scattered on the propagating mix. Some fertiliser is added because fig seedlings are heavy feeders and germinate in great numbers.
In the wild, fig trees generally produce fruit in large quantities providing a major food source for many birds, fruit bats and other tree dwelling mammals. Much of it also falls to the ground for Cassowaries, Musky Rat Kangaroos and other ground dwellers. Leaf eaters such as Green Ringtail Possums and Tree Kangaroos eat the leaves despite the sticky exudite. The complex and random arrangement of roots and branches and the criss-cross patterns around the host tree provide places for nests and dens for a whole range of birds, mammals, frogs, lizards and insects. Moisture and debris collected in nooks provide spots for epiphytic ferns and orchids to grow.
If you want birds and bats to bring in seed for natural recruitment it's a good idea to plant figs. Many, such as the Banana Fig (Ficus pleurocarpa), fruit from as young as 3 years after planting, helping to bring in the fruit eaters. Another great advantage is soil stabilization. Within a couple of years many strangler figs send out long surface roots helping to hold soil and even rocks in place on steep slopes and creek banks, reducing erosion after weeds have been removed, and improving water quality.
This group of figs share many of the same wonderful attributes of their larger relatives but do not generally exceed 15 metres in height, and of course, do not strangle other trees. These include:
- Ficus congesta - Red-leaf Fig - With large green leaves and red new growth and greenish yellow figs in clusters next to the trunk or branches.
- Ficus copiosa - Plentiful Fig - With large green, sandpapery, often toothed leaves and large pale green figs.
- Ficus hispida - Hairy Fig - With very large bright green, sandpapery leaves which are deciduous (especially when the tree is young) and large yellowish green figs.
- Ficus leptoclada - Atherton Fig - With small green, sandpapery leaves, delicate slender branches and green, orange or red, sometimes striped, small to medium-sized figs.
- Ficus septica - Septic Fig - With shiny green leaves with a yellow central vein and smallish, green, spotted and slightly ribbed figs.
These figs are equally important for the food they provide and their erosion-controlling qualities, and with the exception of the Atherton Fig, they are all found naturally on or near creek banks, often right at the water's edge. That's a great place to use them, also on edges where their dense growth down to the ground helps to seal out weeds. Only Ficus hispida is less effective in this respect because of its deciduous nature, leaving gaps when the weather is dry and sunny, for the weeds to penetrate.
All in all, fig trees large and small are an enormously helpful tool in re-planting the rainforest.
Information for this article was sourced from Fruits of the Australian Tropical Rainforest by Wendy and William Cooper and Australian Rainforest Plants vols I-VI by Nan and Hugh Nicholson.
It has been a great planting season this year seeing TREAT involved in numerous plantings across the Tablelands. QPWS staff and TREAT volunteers kicked off the nursery's planting season with a 3250 planting in the Massey Creek section of Tully Falls Gorge National Park on a cool and windy morning, 4th February. Around 60 volunteers, including students from the School for Field Studies, planted on the morning. The site is doing well, having had good follow-up rain over the last 2 months.
Saturday 3rd March saw a similar number of volunteers turn out for the first of TREAT's Peterson Creek project community plantings for this season, at Ian Freeman's property adjoining the Lake Eacham Section of the Crater Lakes National Park, on Cutler Road, with around 3070 trees planted. The second planting scheduled for the 31st March was postponed until the 21st April due to poor planting conditions following heavy rain. It was great to see how well last year's planting is growing, and it is clear to see that the tremendous effort which Ian puts into his site maintenance, is really paying off with much of the site rapidly approaching closure after only 12 months.
In mid-March, Terrain NRM, QPWS and TREAT, together held a community planting at Curtain Fig National Park, planting around 2200 trees on an ex-grazing lease and resumed road reserve, creating a buffer of Mabi forest around part of a wetland adjacent to Peterson Creek. Trees for this project were supplied by both the Lake Eacham nursery and the Tableland Regional Council's Community Revegetation Unit at Winfield Park, Malanda.
We would like to thank the Terrain NRM and Green Army work crews for their assistance with digging holes and tree layout, leading up to the Saturday plantings.
QPWS supplied 2520 trees to the Tree Kangaroo and Mammal Group (TKMG) for planting on Mark and Angela McCaffrey's Ringtail Crossing property as part of their annual allocation. It is expected a further 500 trees will be supplied to TKMG for planting on Carolyn and Philip Emms' Rock Road property, to be planted by Conservation Volunteers Australia.
The nursery supplied 1000 trees to Ranger in Charge, Les Jackson, for planting at Eubenangee Swamp National Park; 100 trees to Ranger Miki Bradley, which were planted to screen the bird hide at Hastie's Swamp National Park at Atherton; and 350 trees to the Rangers at the Mamu Canopy Walkway, for continued replanting around the car park following Cyclone Yasi last year.
Long term staff member Kev Mackay is on extended leave in the south of the state, caring for a relative. He informs me that he is not looking forward to the cooler months. Teesha has taken a further 12 months leave, and we have been lucky enough to have Julie Bunney filling her position. Julie joined us in late February and will be with us until the end of June this year.
The Wet Season Plantings 2012
This year the wet season community plantings were generally blessed with good weather. Most of the plantings had rain beforehand or afterwards, but it didn't rain while planting. There was a great turn-out of volunteers at all the plantings.
The Eaton's planting was after heavy rain, but the site wasn't boggy. It was windy, and the barbeque tent needed holding down at times despite being in the lee of the building. The Hofmann's planting, 3 weeks later on the opposite side of East Evelyn Road, thankfully had some rain the day after planting, as the weather had been quite dry beforehand. It was a lovely day to enjoy the barbeque from the top of the hill, and not windy. Lots of extra hands made light work of the planting - people from WTMA (Wet Tropics Management Authority), CVA (Conservation Volunteers Australia) and SFS (School for Field Studies) helped the usual band of TREAT volunteers. The CVA group attended most of the plantings, even coming the long way up from Cairns (via Kuranda when the Gillies was closed) for the Pyke's planting.
Planting at Hofmann's, Photo courtesy WTMA
At Massey Creek the planting day was quite cool and windy with showers threatening, so many of us kept our raincoats on. Soil conditions for planting were good - moist but not too wet.
Conditions at the Emms' planting were also good after some storm rain, but then it was dry and sunny for a week, so the mulch we put around the plants was most important.
Final preparations for the McCaffrey's planting were made in hot dry conditions but the night before the planting 5mm of rain fell and the holes and trees were nicely dampened. The initial site preparation had started a year earlier and the long grass and lantana had rotted to a very pliable mulch. It was cloudy on the day and rain came the next day.
At the Freeman's planting it was a sunny and hot morning but there'd been rain prior to the planting. The next rain was nearly a week later so Ian worried about the plants drying out and started some watering.
The Arnold-Nott's planting had ideal conditions - cool and cloudy, wet soil, lots of mulch, and plenty of rain the next day.
Planting at the Curtain Fig NP was also in ideal cool and cloudy conditions with wet soil. As the site was close to Yungaburra there were extra volunteers who don't usually come to plantings. At the barbeque Geoff Onus talked about the nearby swamp (wetlands) where some interesting research is being done by CSIRO.
The Pyke's planting had rain beforehand and it was alternately sunny and cloudy the morning of planting. The site was an attractive double dam area where they've had a lot of trouble with ground slumping. The SFS students and CVA volunteers again assisted and the planting was finished in enough time to then spread several round bales of mulch.
Dam at Pyke's
Unfortunately the second Freeman's planting on Peterson Creek had to be postponed for 3 weeks as the site was quite boggy in places. The later planting may have a few advantages. The other remaining planting, at Raso's, is scheduled for April because access is a problem in the middle of the wet season. Last year's planting there in April went well.
The barbeque after each planting was most welcome. TREAT alternates two teams for organising the barbeques and they do a terrific job. Sue Pyke organised the barbeque at her planting with some help from TREAT. There's lots of social interaction and information shared and some new people joined TREAT.
Barbeque at Hofmann's
Fruit Collection Diary January-March 2012
|Species||Common Name||Collection Location/|
|Agathis robusta||Qld Kauri Pine||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Aglaia sapindina||Boodyara||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Allocasuarina cunninghamiana||River SheOak||7.8.3|
|Alstonia scholaris||Milky Pine||7.8.3|
|Argyrodendron trifoliolatum||Brown Tulip Oak||7.8.2|
|Athertonia diversifolia||Atherton Oak||7.8.2|
|Beilschmedia bancroftii||Yellow Walnut||7.8.2|
|Blepharocarya involucrigera||Rose Butternut||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Brachychiton acerifolius||Flame Tree||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Croton insularis||Silver Croton||7.8.3|
|Cryptocarya triplinervis||Brown Laurel||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Cupaniopsis foveolata||White Tamarind||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Darlingia darlingiana||Brown Silky Oak||7.8.3|
|Dysoxylum mollissimum||Miva Mahogany||7.8.3|
|Dysoxylum oppositifolium||Pink Mahogany||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Endiandra pleurosperma||Poison Walnut||7.8.2|
|Euroschinus falcata||Pink Poplar||7.8.3|
|Ficus congesta||Red Leaf Fig||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Ficus crassipes||Round Leaf Banana Fig||7.8.2, 7.8.4|
|Ficus destruens||Rusty Fig||7.8.2|
|Ficus fraseri||Sandpaper Fig||7.8.3|
|Ficus hispida||Hairy Fig||7.8.3|
|Ficus leptoclada||Atherton Fig||7.8.4|
|Ficus pleurocarpa||Banana Fig||7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4|
|Ficus septica||Septic Fig||7.8.2|
|Flindersia bourjotiana||Silver Ash||7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4|
|Flindersia brayleyana||Queensland Maple||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Flindersia schottiana||Bumpy Ash||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Franciscodendron laurifolium||Tulip Sterculia||7.8.4|
|Geissois biagiana||Northern Brush Mahogany||7.8.2, 7.8.4|
|Gmelina fasciculiflora||White Beech||7.8.2|
|Guioa acutifolia||Glossy Tamarind||7.8.3|
|Helicia blakei||Blake's Silky Oak||7.8.2|
|Homalanthus novo-guineensis||Bleeding Heart||7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4|
|Hymenosporum flavum||Native Frangipani||7.8.4|
|Lophostemon suaveolens||Swamp Box||7.8.3|
|Mallotus mollissimus||Woolly Mallotus||7.8.2|
|Mischocarpus lachnocarpus||Woolly Pear Fruit||7.8.4|
|Neolitsea dealbata||Grey Bollywood||7.8.3|
|Pararchidendron pruinosum||Tulip Siris||7.8.3|
|Phaleria clerodendron||Scented Daphne||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Rhodamnia costata||White Malletwood||7.8.2|
|Rhodomyrtus sericea||Grey Rhodomyrtus||7.8.4|
|Scolopia braunii||Brown Birch||7.8.2|
|Syzygium australe||Creek Cherry||7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4|
|Syzygium luehmannii||Small Leaved Lilly Pilly||7.8.3|
|Syzygium papyraceum||Paperbark Satinash||7.8.4|
|Syzygium wilsonii subsp wilsonii||Powder-puff Lilli Pilly||7.8.2|
|Toona ciliata||Red Cedar||7.8.3|
|Tremma orientalis||Poison Peach||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Xanthostemon whitei||Red Penda||7.8.3, 7.8.4|
|Zanthoxylum veneficum||Thorny Yellowwood||7.8.2|
- TREAT Newsletter Cool Season April - June 2012 (this page)
- TREAT Newsletter Wet Season January - March 2012
- TREAT Newsletter Storm Season October - December 2011
- Previous TREAT Newsletters