TREAT Newsletter Cool Season April - June 2007
Eacham Landcare, Dairy Farmers' Grants and More . .
The North Johnstone and Lake Eacham Landcare Association ('Eacham Landcare' for short) have achieved significant revegetation works in Eacham Shire.
Between 1999 and 2001 we established the Crater Lakes Corridor which connects the national park around Lake Eacham to Lake Barrine's rainforest across private land.
More recently, we've used an Envirofund grant to revegetate 2 gullies near Malanda; Cleminson Creek on the way to Atherton and Davies Creek near the industrial estate.
Funding from Dairy Farmers and the Foundation for Rural and Regional Renewal this year will see another 4,000 trees planted on dairy farms throughout the Shire. This Landcare for Larry funding was actually raised as the result of a John Farnham concert - so thank you John!
The decisions about where and how this funding would be spent over the next three years was given to SATRA, the Southern Atherton Tablelands Revegetation Alliance. A small committee was formed as SATRA only meets quarterly.
To gather information on the revegetation desires of dairy farmers, a questionnaire was sent out with the Dairy Farmers' newsletter. Ten free shade trees were offered as incentive to fill in the survey.
The response rate to the survey was just over 20%. From the information gathered, it was decided to concentrate efforts on three strategic properties, with riparian plantings of over 1,000 trees each, at John and Linda Gallo's (Barron River - Pink Bridge), Steve and Alison Soley's (Upper North Johnstone River just below Bromfield Swamp), and Ganesh Dairy on Kenny Rd. (on the Dirran). Also, in the headwaters of the North Johnstone, a few hundred trees will extend previous revegetation projects undertaken by Malanda and Upper Johnstone Catchment Landcare group ('Malanda Landcare' for short) at the Chapman dairy and Newland dairy.
Respondents to the questionnaire will now get 30 free shade trees each, as shade and shelter plantings were identified, along with creek and river bank plantings, as priority aims for dairy farmers planting trees. A National Landcare Project (NLP) grant has just been applied for to fund further shelter belt and biodiversity / stepping stone plantings on all dairies on the Atherton Tablelands.
Active member Glen Drury has this season planted over 2,000 trees as windbreaks along his fence lines. These plantings are privately funded and are a special challenge for Glen as his dairy is biodynamic, supplying Mungalli Creek milk factory. So he planted into thick strips of cyclone mulch and is weeding by hand.
Conservation Volunteers Australia teams have helped with the two Envirofund plantings and the Drury dairy plantings. We will be inviting them back to assist Glen further over coming years as he aims to establish windbreaks in every paddock.
Eacham Landcare's other main focus is on Sustainable Agriculture (Sus. Ag.) projects to improve fertiliser and irrigation efficiencies and thereby improve water quality in our waterways.
Our latest research project, funded by the NLP, is testing the concept of 'degree days' scheduling, using average maximum daily temperatures to gauge the actual nutrient needs of a crop. This scheduling method indicates the amount of fertiliser required to maintain productive pastures, instead of applying a set amount of fertiliser at set intervals of time.
These Sustainable Agriculture projects, together with our revegetation efforts, work towards the group's official aims:
- to draw the attention of the local community to the need to use sound land use and conservation practices,
- to promote the adoption of land use and management practices to ensure the future livelihood of local people and create a balanced ecosystem, and
- to foster co-operation between land-users, including Government agencies, wherever action is needed to control land degradation.
For further information, please contact Helen Irwin (Landcare Project Officer, FNQ NRM Ltd.) on 4096 6126.
Inside this issue
HELP ! !
TREAT needs more members! As you can see, we've had to forego the green colouring for this newsletter, as our current membership base doesn't cover our newsletter production costs, as well as other incidentals. At $10 per year, TREAT membership gives people access to lots of information about the "right trees to plant in the right place" and the opportunity to learn from hands-on experience. Joining TREAT and renewing your membership each year is a great way to help improve the local environment, as TREAT works with various funding bodies, the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, local government and other community groups to plant thousands of trees each year in the local landscape.
TREAT also needs more members who are able to be active within the organisation. We would love to have more people come to the Friday morning Working Bees, and especially more people come to our Community Planting days.
If you enjoy working with children, we have a primary school education program, and if you like talking to visitors to the area, we need more helpers to staff the Rainforest Display Centre three days a week.
So if you're not a member, please join us and help the environment, and encourage a friend to join as well.
We had a good start to the planting season scheduled in the last newsletter, with some welcome rain on the first planting site, at Graham Dalip's on the Barron River for BRICMA's Green Corridor. Conditions on the day were good for planting and there was follow-up rain for the young trees.
February was wet this year and the first of 3 plantings scheduled for TREAT's Peterson Creek corridor (funded through FNQ NRM Ltd.) was a damp affair, though thankfully the rain mostly held off for the actual planting. Unfortunately, later rain was too much for access to the remaining two plantings, and they've had to be postponed till September. In a previous year (2004), we've had to plant in September at Peterson Creek on account of the water table being too high, and that planting did exceptionally well. Of course, planting at that time of year means that irrigation is required, an extra job.
The Mabi Forest Recovery Team's planting at the Barron River at Bonadio's (funded through Envirofund) was also wet, but in this case there were no access problems. The School for Field Studies students came to help, as did the Bonadio family, and the trees (reduced in number from 3,000 to about 2,000) were planted before 9.30am. The other planting scheduled at Picnic Crossing (funded by Landcare for Larry and the Atherton Shire Council) was done by a group of volunteers from Conservation Volunteers Australia before the due date, so members were able to take a break that Saturday.
The first QPWS planting at Massey Creek was also damp, but the overcast conditions were very welcome, as there were only about 25 people to plant the trees (about 2,300). Planting the trees was slow, as a lot of the soil for the holes was mixed with grass which hadn't died properly in the wet. The barbecue aftewards was particularly welcome!
TREAT's catering team (mostly volunteers from the management committee) organised a barbeque after each of the plantings, and the planting teams always look forward to them - their part in the plantings is much appreciated. This year we were able to take advantage of the facilities for tourists at the Dalip and Bonadio sites, but the marquee was erected as usual at Peterson Creek and Massey Creek.
First Year Plantings for the Green Corridor
Under the coordination of Conservation Volunteers Australia (CVA), the Barron River Integrated Catchment Management Association's Green Corridor project has been soaring ahead to take advantage of the weather to maximize the planting opportunities over the 2007 Wet Season.
As you drive past the Jim Chapman Bridge between Atherton and Yungaburra, you cannot help but see how rapidly the trees are growing on the Bonadio and Dalip properties on either side of the river. The assistance of volunteers from all over the Tablelands, and TREAT's assistance to coordinate and cater has meant that the two community plantings so far have been very successful, with thousands of trees planted. With the care of the landholders and the excellent follow up from CVA and their Green Corp teams, the plantings are thriving and also expanding as more trees are planted by the teams.
Doki Doki are sponsoring the next planting on Graham Dalip's property on Saturday, 14th April at 9am. Doki Doki are 'adopting a plot' at Dalip's which means that they will be providing ongoing sponsorship, volunteers and their transport to the site over the next three year period. As they visit the site with tourists on a regular basis, they see it as part of their business ethic to improve the environment that they are showing to international and local visitors, by being involved in the Green Corridor project.
At Machans Beach on March 2, more than 25 people of the staffs of the Cairns Port Authority and Cairns City Council joined with community and CVA's Green Corp and international volunteers to be a part of Clean-up Australia Day 2007. They spent a couple of hours walking along the edge of the beach and river mouth collecting an abandoned bicycle, mattresses, lots of old fishing gear and about 15 bags of rubbish. They then spent an hour planting 600 trees to complement the work that the CVA volunteers had been doing during the week, to commence the rejuvenation of this and the Redden Island area.
Myola has seen 2 community planting days in the last three months. In conjunction with Kuranda Envirocare's plantings, the biodiversity of the sites has been significantly enhanced, and the under-plantings at the western end are thriving. Work has now commenced at Freeman's property on the other side of the river, with planting to commence in April. A community planting day is proposed for Saturday 21st April.
Boral showed its support for the Green Corridor project and CVA's fantastic work by having its first industry planting day on March 9 at Freshwater - the 25,000th tree was planted for the corridor during this hot and sticky day. More trees had to be accessed because Boral's 30 staff volunteers planted the first 600 trees in just over an hour and they still had lots of energy and enthusiasm left. The barbeque at CVA Headquarters after the day was well attended and enjoyed by all those who 'stayed the distance'.
The original plantings at Freshwater, planted in June last year, are now an average of 3 metres high and the canopy is starting to spread. All the sites still need regular maintenance, with the guinea grass on the approaches to the Freshwater site growing 3 metres in the last 6 weeks due to ideal growing conditions of rain mixed with sunshine. Thankfully, CVA and our partners, Cairns City Council and Atherton Shire Council, have teams who access the sites and undertake regular inspections and maintenance as part of their routine.
As we approach the anniversary in June of the first plantings, thanks must be given to the Cairns Port Authority, Conservation Volunteers Australia and all our sponsors, partners and volunteers without whom this project would not be happening. The scope and longevity of the project is gaining momentum. .
Landholders who consider that they are willing to join the project, and are prepared to assist by the exclusion of cattle from the river bank, or site preparation or maintenance and long-term protection of the plantings, are invited to call the project manager, Kim Forde to discuss their options.
Potential sponsors of the project, who feel that protecting and enhancing the Barron River meets their business objectives are also invited to call to discuss how and where they might like to be involved.
The project will be conducting Barron River Fridays throughout 2007 in which any interested member of the community is invited to come along and join the planting teams at one of the sites. Contact Conservation Volunteers Australia on 4032 0844 to find out where the planting will be on any particular Friday, as they vary depending on the weather and the numbers involved.
Project Manager Kim Forde : 0448 939 009
Some time ago, the committee saw the need for TREAT to have a Photography Policy, especially for working with school children in our TREAT on TAP program. A policy was drawn up and subsequently adopted.
Last year, the government required us to put in place a Child Safety Policy and Risk Management Strategy for our TREAT on TAP program. Dawn Schaffer agreed to take on the rather daunting task of preparing it for us, using the government guidelines, and this has now been adopted too.
Dawn has also prepared a Workplace Health and Safety Policy for us. This policy applies at TREAT'S field days and community plantings and members are required to abide by the policy at these events. TREAT is responsible for undertaking a risk assessment at each event.
These policies are stored in the TREAT office at the Lake Eacham nursery and each Friday are put beside the sign-on volunteers book for members to access.
Thanks, Dawn, for all your hard work!
Economics and ecology of carbon sequestration
on the Atherton Tablelands
-1- Colin Hunt
Australia, like the US, has not ratified the Kyoto Protocol and is therefore excluded from international emissions trading and joint implementation which would stimulate in-country capture of carbon in forest sinks (bio-sequestration).
Nevertheless, Australia still intends to meet its Kyoto target, and has adopted Protocol accounting rules that specify that carbon stock changes between 2008 and 2012 are to be included in the country's accounts.
Given the high rate of increase of emissions from the power generation and transport sectors the Australian government is encouraging bona fide bio-sequestration projects (under Article 3.3 of the Protocol) that can contribute to a reduction in the country's emissions. There is no Australia-wide cap and trade system governing emissions. However, corporate activity and unilateral action by states in the Australian federation to cap emissions, thus forcing emitters to seek offsets, has stimulated the emergence of markets for sequestered carbon.
The natural forests in the study area, the Atherton Tablelands, have been subjected to logging and clearing. The complex notophyll vine (Mabi) forest is listed as "endangered" by the Queensland government and "critically endangered" by the Australian government, having been reduced to 2% of its original extent.
The Mabi forest harbours the "vulnerable" spectacled flying fox (Pteropus conspicillatus) (as classified under Australia's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, 1999), together with the "rare" species Lumholtz tree-kangaroo (Dendrolagus lumholtzi), green ringtail possum (Pseudochirops archeri) and Herbert river ringtail possum (Pseudochirulus hebertensis) (as classified under Queensland's Nature Conservation Act, 1992).
The complex mesophyll vine forest (Hypsi) is less threatened, nevertheless less than 30% remains unaffected by weed invasion and the disturbance effects of logging, and its biodiversity status under Queensland legislation is "of concern". The Hypsi forest, as well as being habitat for the Lumholtz tree-kangaroo, is also habitat for the iconic southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius johnsonii), listed as "endangered" by the Australian government and is the subject of a recovery plan. The augmentation of Mabi forest and cassowary habitat by replanting native species are regional priorities for natural resource management investment. An additional regional priority is the reduction of terrestrial threats to the Great Barrier Reef, in which reforestation has a major role.
The favourable soils and climate of the Wet Tropics region of north Queensland result in a quicker growth rate of trees than anywhere else in Australia. However, because the environmental services generated have no market value, and the costs are high, reforestation activities are heavily subsidised.
A question arises whether the emergence of carbon markets has the potential to provide an economic incentive for landholders to reforest without recourse to subsidy.
A second question, given the commercial softwood plantations also provide carbon sinks, is whether the goals of carbon sequestration and biodiversity are mutually exclusive or complementary. The Convention on Biological Diversity lacks economic incentives which would ensure that agents will follow the optimal social strategy whereas the Kyoto protocol creates economic incentives. Environmental economists expect that the creation of economic incentives for carbon sequestration by afforestation and reforestation globally will yield a sub-optimal over-planting of fast-growing alien species with a potential negative impact on biodiversity.
A third question addressed is how the cost of carbon sequestration in north Queensland compares with emission abatement costs. This relationship may determine the relative importance that governments place on carbon sequestration as a means of improving carbon accounts.
Economic analysis shows the importance of accounting for opportunity costs in establishing plantations, particularly labour and cattle grazing. It is found that, at current prices, payments for sequestered carbon are likely to cover a proportion only of reforestation costs, even on land that is marginal for agriculture and therefore carries low opportunity costs. While commercial hoop pine plantations are cheaper to establish than environmental plots their benefits are more uncertain (e.g. cyclone damage and price of timber) and therefore could be more heavily discounted by investors.
Despite the fact that the community and the Australian government have devoted substantial human and financial resources to restoration, the level of augmentation achieved may be insufficient to guarantee the survival of ecosystems and threatened species.
The lowest cost carbon was obtained in unharvested hoop pine plantations; costs are lowered by not thinning or pruning and carbon yields are comparatively high. While Hoop pine is a native to north Queensland, it will deliver negligible biodiversity benefits as a monoculture compared with rainforest restoration plantations.
It is concluded that there will be a need for the government and the corporate sector to continue to invest in securing biodiversity because present prices for carbon provide an incentive level for sequestration that is unlikely to induce a large increase in environmental reforestation. Moreover, the Australian government is unlikely to subsidise carbon sequestration by reforestation given the lower costs of abating emissions.
If carbon prices were to rise substantially to say three or four times present level - in the wake of caps on Australian emissions - then the outlook for private investment in environmental reforestation in north Queensland is much brighter.
Tonnes of carbon sequestered in plantations, Atherton Tablelands
Costs of carbon sequestration per tonne and the price of carbon, Atherton Tablelands
-1- An abridged version of a paper "Economic and ecological implications of emerging markets for bio-sequestered carbon in tropical Australia" to be given at the International Society for Ecological Economics Conference, New York, in June.
Habitat Action Plan for Mission Beach
By Tony O'Malley
Mission Beach is well known for its outstanding biodiversity and its significance for cassowary conservation. The area also has very important Aboriginal cultural values associated with the living traditions and practices of the Djiru Traditional Owners, and is valued by many people for its lifestyle and beauty.
The outstanding natural and cultural values of Mission Beach are under increasing pressure from rapid development - both "sea change" and "tree change". Unfortunately, past nature conservation and restoration efforts in Mission Beach have been marred by obstacles such as limited resources; the divergent goals of local, state and federal agencies; and a lack of coordination and collaboration among participating institutions.
However, the rapid change occurring in the area due to Cyclone Larry, population growth, and changes in the regulatory/ planning system provide a real opportunity to develop new, more effective arrangements to protect Mission Beach's natural, social and cultural values for future generations to enjoy.
For this reason, Far North Queensland Natural Resource Management Limited (FNQ-NRM Ltd) is working with the CSIRO to develop and implement a new Mission Beach Habitat Network Action Plan (MBHNAP). The aim of the Action Plan is to prioritise actions for habitat protection, restoration and management in Mission Beach based on an agreed community vision. The Action Plan's primary focus will be on incentive-based approaches and negotiating with local land-holders and developers for delivery of outcomes.
It will also broker information between relevant State, Federal, Local Government and Traditional Owners plans, to facilitate coordination of the conservation effort in Mission Beach. The Action Plan is voluntary, not legislative or regulatory.
Initial exploratory work on the Habitat Action Plan commenced in 2006, and the first draft will be completed by the end of 2007. Implementation of on-the-ground works will commence with the first round of funding opportunities being advertised in April 2007. An Action Committee will be established to guide the process of developing the MBHNAP. Membership is being sought from the Mission Beach Community Association, Community for Coastal and Cassowary Conservation (C4), Johnstone and Cardwell Shires, WTMA/ EPA, DLGPSR, DEW, the tourism industry, Djiru Traditional Owners, agriculturalists, the development industry, and the Australian Rainforest Foundation.
For more information, please contact Tony O'Malley from FNQ-NRM Ltd on 4043 8026 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Representatives from the various community groups involved in tree planting met in 2003 at the Lake Eacham nursery to share ideas and experiences in order to learn from and to help each other. In 2004 we agreed on a name for the combination of groups - SATRA (Southern Atherton Tableland Revegetation Alliance), and this short name has proved easy and useful.
SATRA meets quarterly (still at the nursery), and the mainstay groups who attend are TREAT, TKMG (Tree Kangaroo and Mammal Group), BRICMA (Barron River Integrated Catchment Management Association), ESCRU (Eacham Shire Council Revegetation Unit), Malanda Landcare and Eacham Landcare, Yungaburra Landcare (formerly Lower Peterson Creek Revegetation Group), SFS (School for Field Studies) and FNQ NRM Ltd. Other groups also attend when they have something specific to share or wish to learn more about what's going on such as Tolga Bat Hospital, Kuranda EnviroCare, Ngadjon Mitcha Jimma-Ma (the Traditional Owners), and QPWS (Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service). Recently, Dairy Farmers have been attending on account of funding to SATRA for Cyclone Larry repair projects. SATRA has also been addressed by scientists when they want feedback for particular projects.
The meetings are usually held on a Thursday morning and are kept at an informal level, though minutes are taken and later distributed.
In 2004, SATRA received a grant of $53,000 through FNQ NRM Ltd. for revegetation works and had to decide which projects should take priority to use the funding. This led to the creation of a Scoring Matrix for projects to assess their relative value in biodiversity, social and economic terms. In subsequent years, with the release of the Regional NRM Plan 2004-2008 which identifies key areas for rehabilitation, the individual groups have made separate applications for funding. SATRA, however, is recognised by FNQ NRM Ltd. as a very desirable group for dissemination of funding, and was recently given the task to decide on where to use funding received as a result of Cyclone Larry.
A comment recently made by a new attendee was that SATRA was clearly a very supportive and productive network. May that long continue!
TREAT on TAP - Butcher's Creek
A visit to the Lake Eacham Nursery from Years 4 to 7 students from Butcher's Creek in February started our 2007 Tree Awareness Program.
The students, now called 'Enviro Rangers' are investigating the best way to repair the damage caused by Cyclone Larry to a tree plot at their school. To do this they are researching tree species (especially those to bring in butterflies, birds and other fauna) and also looking at the preparation, planting and maintenance needed to successfully achieve their aims. Once they have completed their research, TREAT volunteers have been invited to the school to hear their findings and help them plant their trees.
Before lunch we spoke about the information in the Rainforest Display Centre and potted on some seedlings. After lunch the students had three activities - using the Coopers book "Fruits of the Rainforest" they had to note information about some trees we chose from the nursery, completing their Tree Awareness Program workbook and enjoying the challenge of our floor jigsaw puzzles.
Thank you to the Enviro Rangers who visited us. You made our time with you a very enjoyable, happy day. We wish you well with your project and we are looking forward to visiting you soon.
In the coming months TREAT will be having visits from the primary schools of Malanda, Herberton and Tolga. Early in the year, all schools were notified of the programs the TAP volunteers have made available. Would any teachers wishing to participate please ring Dawn on 40951208.
TREAT members who enjoy working with children might like to consider joining the TREAT on TAP volunteers.
It's been great weather for establishing trees on the Tablelands so far this year, and it is good to see that all sites, be they TREAT, QPWS or TREAT assisted sites, are all performing exceptionally well. The Peterson Creek 2007 site on the Williams' property that was planted on the 3rd of February is looking fantastic because of growth rate and weed control being at an optimal state. Unfortunately the Williams site being in low lying swamp country has seen the postponement of the 2nd and 3rd plantings until spring this year, with the dates yet to be determined. The reason for the postponing of these plantings was mainly due to the difficulty in getting to and from the site in boggy conditions. To continue in these circumstances would see vehicles causing a lot of damage to the routes needed to traverse upon. And after all we are here for sustainable land management practices and not land disturbance practices.
The Peterson Creek 2006 site is slowly but surely getting back on track and the occasional trees are breaching the 2 metre high level. Great to see!
The Massey Creek planting was a huge success. Thanks to the dedication of those who attended we saw over 2300 trees planted, and another substantial area for habitat established. We hope everyone enjoyed seeing some of the older plantings that have performed exceptionally well.
I hope everyone is having success with not only the cyclone damaged areas that they have been repairing, but also your newly established areas.
We would like to thank those who have been helping with the work load in the hardening bays. At this point the nursery is still quite full, so in order to keep things at a high standard we would like to encourage more people to get involved with weeding, sizing and consolidating. Work in the bays is equally as important as seed cleaning and potting, and is a great opportunity to get to know more about the trees, their needs and their provenance.
Fruit Collection Diary January - March 2007
|Species||Common Name||Regional Ecosystem|
|Acronychia crassipetala||Crater Aspen||7.8.4|
|Alphitonia petreii||Pink Ash||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Archirhodomyrtus beckleri||Beckler's Myrtle||7.8.2|
|Argyrodendron trifoliolatum||Brown Tulip Oak||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Blepharocarya involucrigera||Rose Butternut||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Carnarvonia arailiifolia||Caledonian Oak||7.8.2|
|Castanospora alphandii||Brown Tamarind||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Cryptocarya hypospodia||Northern Laurel||7.8.3|
|Cryptocarya laevigata||Glossy Laurel||7.12.1|
|Cryptocarya murrayi||Murray's Laurel||7.8.2|
|Cryptocarya triplinervis||Brown Laurel||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Darlingia darlingiana||Brown Silky Oak||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Dysoxylum gaudichaudianum||Ivory Mahogany||7.3.10|
|Dysoxylum oppositifolium||Pink Mahogany||7.8.2|
|Eupomatia laurina||Bolwarra, Copper Laurel||7.8.2|
|Euroschinus falcata||Pink Poplar||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Ficus congesta||Red Leaf Fig||7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4|
|Ficus destruens||Rusty Fig||7.8.2|
|Ficus leptoclada||Atherton Fig||7.8.2|
|Ficus racemosa||Cluster Fig||7.3.10|
|Ficus septica||Septic Fig||7.8.2, 7.8.3, 7.8.4|
|Ficus superba||Deciduous Fig||7.8.4|
|Ficus virens||Green Fig||7.3.10|
|Flindersia bourjotiana||Silver Ash||7.8.2|
|Flindersia brayleyana||Queensland Maple||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Flindersia schottiana||Silver Ash, Bumpy Ash||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Helicia nortoniana||Norton's Silky Oak||7.8.1|
|Homalanthus novo-guineensis||Native Bleeding Heart||7.8.4|
|Macaranga tanarius||Macaranga||7.3.10, 7.8.1|
|Melicope elleryana||Evodia, Pink Euodia||7.3.10|
|Mischocarpus pyriformis||Pear Fruited Tamarind||7.8.2|
|Neolitsea dealbata||White Bollywood||7.8.4|
|Pararchidendron pruinosum||Tulip Siris||7.8.3|
|Polyscias murrayi||White Basswood||7.8.2|
|Rhodamnia sessiliflora||Iron Malletwood||7.12.1|
|Rhodamnia spongiosa||Northern Malletwood||7.8.2|
|Rhysotoechia robertsonii||Robert's Tuckeroo||7.8.3|
|Sloanea australis||Blush Alder||7.8.4|
|Sloanea langii.||White Carabeen||7.8.2|
|Stenocarpus sinuatus||White Silky Oak, Fire Wheel Tree||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Syzygium australe||Creek Cherry||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Syzygium cormiflorum||Bumpy Satinash||7.8.4, 7.3.10|
|Syzygium endophloium||RolyPoly Satinash||7.8.2|
|Syzygium leuhmannii||Cherry Satinash||7.8.3|
|Syzygium wilsonii ssp wilsonii||Powderpuff Lillipilli||7.8.2|
|Toona ciliata||Red Cedar||7.8.2, 7.8.3|
|Xanthostemon chrysanthus||Brown Penda||7.12.1|
|Xanthostemon whiteii||Red Penda||7.8.3|
- TREAT Newsletter Cool Season April - June 2007 (this page)
- TREAT Newsletter January - March 2007
- TREAT Newsletter October - December 2006
- Previous TREAT Newsletters